Label: Subvert Central Recordings - none Format: File FLAC, Compilation Country: UK Genre: Electronic Style: Drum n Bass
Arnold Sommerfeld identified this adiabatic invariant as the action variable of classical mechanics. Although not explicitly stated in the documents, it seems technically feasible that remote computers that provide file shares themselves become new pandemic file servers on the local network to reach new targets. Mendelayev - Untitled An operator can use CherryWeba browser-based user interface to view Flytrap status and security info, plan Mission tasking, view Mission -related data, and perform system administration tasks. Archived from the original on 19 August
Snyder summarizes modern data, made after the opening of the Soviet archives in the s, and concludes that Stalin was directly responsible for 6 million deaths along with three million indirect deaths. He notes that the estimate is far lower than the estimates of 20 million or above which were made before access to the archives. He also compares this number to the estimate of 11—12 million non-combatants killed by the Nazi regime, thereby negating claims that Stalin killed more than Hitler.
Historians continue to debate whether or not the —33 Ukrainian famine—known in Ukraine as the Holodomor — should be called a genocide. In , the Ukrainian Parliament declared it to be such,  and in a Ukrainian court posthumously convicted Stalin, Lazar Kaganovich , Stanislav Kosior , and other Soviet leaders of genocide. This interpretation has been rejected by more recent historical studies. Shortly after his death, the Soviet Union went through a period of de-Stalinization. Malenkov denounced the Stalin personality cult,  which was subsequently criticised in Pravda.
There, Khrushchev denounced Stalin for both his mass repression and his personality cult. Amid the social and economic turmoil of the post-Soviet period, many Russians viewed Stalin as having overseen an era of order, predictability, and pride.
The only part of the former Soviet Union where admiration for Stalin has remained consistently widespread is Georgia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Soviet leader. For other uses, see Stalin disambiguation. This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs ; the patronymic is Vissarionovich and the family name is Stalin. Joseph Stalin in an authorised image taken in and used for state publicity purposes.
Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili [a]. Central institution membership. Other offices held. Main article: Early life of Joseph Stalin.
The existing government of landlords and capitalists must be replaced by a new government, a government of workers and peasants.
The existing pseudo-government which was not elected by the people and which is not accountable to the people must be replaced by a government recognised by the people, elected by representatives of the workers, soldiers and peasants and held accountable to their representatives.
Stalin is too crude, and this defect which is entirely acceptable in our milieu and in relationships among us as communists, becomes unacceptable in the position of General Secretary. I therefore propose to comrades that they should devise a means of removing him from this job and should appoint to this job someone else who is distinguished from comrade Stalin in all other respects only by the single superior aspect that he should be more tolerant, more polite and more attentive towards comrades, less capricious, etc.
Rise of Joseph Stalin. We have fallen behind the advanced countries by fifty to a hundred years. We must close that gap in ten years. This is what our obligations before the workers and peasants of the USSR dictate to us. Further information: Soviet famine of — The image was later altered to remove Yezhov completely. Death and state funeral of Joseph Stalin. Stalin brutally, artfully, indefatigably built a personal dictatorship within the Bolshevik dictatorship.
Then he launched and saw through a bloody socialist remaking of the entire former empire, presided over a victory in the greatest war in human history, and took the Soviet Union to the epicentre of global affairs. More than for any other historical figure, even Gandhi or Churchill, a biography of Stalin It is hard for me to reconcile the courtesy and consideration he showed me personally with the ghastly cruelty of his wholesale liquidations.
Others, who did not know him personally, see only the tyrant in Stalin. I saw the other side as well — his high intelligence, that fantastic grasp of detail, his shrewdness and his surprising human sensitivity that he was capable of showing, at least in the war years. I found him better informed than Roosevelt, more realistic than Churchill, in some ways the most effective of the war leaders I must confess that for me Stalin remains the most inscrutable and contradictory character I have known — and leave the final word to the judgment of history.
Excess mortality in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin. During his years as a revolutionary, he adopted the alias "Stalin", and after the October Revolution he officially made it his name. This birth date is maintained in his School Leaving Certificate, his extensive tsarist Russia police file, a police arrest record from 18 April which gave his age as 23 years, and all other surviving pre-Revolution documents. As late as , Stalin himself listed his birthday as 18 December in a curriculum vitae in his own handwriting.
After coming to power in , Stalin gave his birth date as 21 December Old Style date 9 December That became the day his birthday was celebrated in the Soviet Union. The Cold War: A New History. New York: Penguin Press. Flawed Succession: Lexington Books. Slavic Review. History News Network. Retrieved December 1, So what was the motivation behind the Terror?
The answers required a lot more digging, but it gradually became clearer that the violence of the late s was driven by fear. They were determined not to make the same mistake. The American Historical Review. Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 23 September New studies using declassified Gulag archives have provisionally established a consensus on mortality and "inhumanity. Stalinism in Post-Communist Perspective: Europe-Asia Studies , Vol.
Associated Press. Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 4 August History of the Present. Archived PDF from the original on 5 February Retrieved 22 September As a result of slavery, A The slave ship Zong departed the coast of Africa on 6 September with slaves.
Since this human chattel was such a valuable commodity at that time, many captains took on more slaves than their ships could accommodate in order to maximize profits. Collingwood found himself in a difficult position; many of the enslaved Africans had died of illness and neglect and the others were so badly diseased or malnourished they would not fetch a good price.
However, he continued to throw more people overboard, reaching a total of in a three day period. More enslaved Africans jumped overboard voluntarily seeing it as their only means to avoid this brutality. This is a video which reveals how Cyril Ramaphosa was m All Night. Tiny Shoulders: Rethinking Barbie. National Treasure: Hard Sun. National Treasure. Difficult People.
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According to the documents, the loading of additional implants creates memory leaks that can be possibly detected on infected machines. Keystone is part of the Wolfcreek implant and responsible for starting malicious user applications. Loaded implants never touch the file system, so there is very little forensic evidence that the process was ever ran.
It always disguises as "C: BadMFS is a library that implements a covert file system that is created at the end of the active partition or in a file on disk in later versions. It is used to store all drivers and implants that Wolfcreek will start.
All files are both encrypted and obfuscated to avoid string or PE header scanning. Some versions of BadMFS can be detected because the reference to the covert file system is stored in a file named "zf". Rather than lay independent components on disk, the system allows an operator to create transitory files for specific actions including installation, adding files to AngelFire , removing files from AngelFire , etc.
The OTS Office of Technical Services , a branch within the CIA, has a biometric collection system that is provided to liaison services around the world -- with the expectation for sharing of the biometric takes collected on the systems.
ExpressLane is installed and run with the cover of upgrading the biometric software by OTS agents that visit the liaison sites. Liaison officers overseeing this procedure will remain unsuspicious, as the data exfiltration disguises behind a Windows installation splash screen.
The core components of the OTS system are based on products from Cross Match , a US company specializing in biometric software for law enforcement and the Intelligence Community. The company hit the headlines in when it was reported that the US military used a Cross Match product to identify Osama bin Laden during the assassination operation in Pakistan. It provides the ability to collect either the stream as a video file AVI or capture still images JPG of frames from the stream that are of significant change from a previously captured frame.
It utilizes ffmpeg for video and image encoding and decoding as well as RTSP connectivity. Dumbo is a capability to suspend processes utilizing webcams and corrupt any video recordings that could compromise a PAG deployment.
Dumbo can identify, control and manipulate monitoring and detection systems on a target computer running the Microsoft Windows operating sytem. It identifies installed devices like webcams and microphones, either locally or connected by wireless Bluetooth, WiFi or wired networks.
By deleting or manipulating recordings the operator is aided in creating fake or destroying actual evidence of the intrusion operation. Dumbo is run by the field agent directly from an USB stick; it requires administrator privileges to perform its task. Achilles is a capability that provides an operator the ability to trojan an OS X disk image. It is compatible with the NOD Cryptographic Specification and provides structured command and control that is similar to that used by several Windows implants.
It runs on Mac OSX The documents were submitted to the CIA between November 21 st , just two weeks after Raytheon acquired Blackbird Technologies to build a Cyber Powerhouse and September 11 th , They mostly contain Proof-of-Concept ideas and assessments for malware attack vectors - partly based on public documents from security researchers and private enterprises in the computer security field.
Raytheon Blackbird Technologies acted as a kind of "technology scout" for the Remote Development Branch RDB of the CIA by analysing malware attacks in the wild and giving recommendations to the CIA development teams for further investigation and PoC development for their own malware projects. HighRise is an Android application designed for mobile devices running Android 4.
It provides a redirector function for SMS messaging that could be used by a number of IOC tools that use SMS messages for communication between implants and listening posts. The implants described in both projects are designed to intercept and exfiltrate SSH credentials but work on different operating systems with different attack vectors. These credentials are either username and password in case of password-authenticated SSH sessions or username, filename of private SSH key and key password if public key authentication is used.
BothanSpy can exfiltrate the stolen credentials to a CIA-controlled server so the implant never touches the disk on the target system or save it in an enrypted file for later exfiltration by other means. BothanSpy is installed as a Shellterm 3. Gyrfalcon is an implant that targets the OpenSSH client on Linux platforms centos,debian,rhel,suse,ubuntu. The implant can not only steal user credentials of active SSH sessions, but is also capable of collecting full or partial OpenSSH session traffic.
All collected information is stored in an encrypted file for later exfiltration. OutlawCountry allows for the redirection of all outbound network traffic on the target computer to CIA controlled machines for ex- and infiltration purposes. The installation and persistence method of the malware is not described in detail in the document; an operator will have to rely on the available CIA exploits and backdoors to inject the kernel module into a target operating system. OutlawCountry v1.
Also, OutlawCountry v1. The approach is non-coercive and the person being treated is free to discontinue it at any time. He writes: Control of these areas of action is an inevitable component of social interactions in a group or community.
The social control that is always associated with intense commitment to a group must therefore be clearly distinguished from the exertion of intentional, methodical influence for the express purpose of manipulation. A very different explanation of the control some groups have over their members is by associating it with Battered person syndrome and Stockholm syndrome.
This has been done by psychologists Teresa Ramirez Boulette, Ph. Andersen, Ph. A contemporary view of mind control sees it as an intensified and persistent use of well researched social psychology principles like compliance , conformity , persuasion , dissonance , reactance , framing or emotional manipulation. One of the most notable proponents of such theories is social psychologist Philip Zimbardo , former president of the American Psychological Association:.
In Influence, Science and Practice , social psychologist Robert Cialdini argues that mind control is possible through the covert exploitation of the unconscious rules that underlie and facilitate healthy human social interactions. He states that common social rules can be used to prey upon the unwary, and he titles them as follows:. Using these six broad categories, he offers specific examples of both mild and extreme mind control both one on one and in groups , notes the conditions under which each social rule is most easily exploited for false ends, and offers suggestions on how to resist such methods.
Writing in the Journal of Homeland Security , a publication of the ANSER Institute for Homeland Security , Anthony Stahelski identifies five phases of social psychological conditioning which he calls cult-like conditioning techniques employed by terrorist groups: Subliminal advertising was proposed around as a means for organized mass control of human behavior.
The allegations has since then fallen out of the common debate, because there are few reports that subliminal advertising has any real effect in the way advertisers may wish. Some of the mind control models discussed above have been related to religious and non-religious cults for debates regarding what is a cult , see the article.
There is debate among scholars, members of new religious movements , and cult critics whether or not mind control is applied either in general or by any particular group. While the majority of scholars in the study of religion reject theories of mind control e. Gordon Melton , it is often accepted in psychology and psychiatry [ citation needed ] e. Bromley and Anson Shupe contra, Stephen A. Kent and Benjamin Zablocki pro. Most scholars have either a decided contra or a decided pro opinion; there are few who advocate a moderate point of view.
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