Label: Zen Garden Records - 650 100 6 Format: CD Maxi-Single Country: Finland Genre: Electronic
Solar flares and coronal-mass ejections tend to occur at sunspot groups. Its main instrument will be a coronagraph for studying the dynamics of the Solar corona. An optical phenomenonknown as a green flashcan sometimes be seen shortly after sunset or before sunrise. Observations of sunspots were recorded during the Han Dynasty BC—AD by Chinese astronomerswho maintained records of these observations for centuries. Some cassette copies were run off for friends of Matt Johnson. Financial institutions occasionally update payment information to prevent services with recurring payments, like Apple Music subscriptions, from pausing when you get a new card. Retrieved 2 April
And sometimes I want to find a particular one. If I could sort my stations alphabetically, it would vastly improve the experience. Alphabetical sort is an option on the subscription one level down. Why should I have to downgrade to get what should be a standard feature? The other thing I wish was an option was the ability to view my subscription details through the app.
I do most everything on my phone or tablet through apps. If I want to look at my subscription info, I have to go to the website the app only shows what kind of account I have. But the mobile phone web browser version website just redirects me to the app.
So the only way I can see or change or update subscription info is to find a computer to use, which is inconvenient. Pandora is smart with assuming what music relates to my chosen bands. They are a little narrow in their offerings from any individual band. I should hear their entire catalog. If I choose a genre-based station it is okay to play just hits from various bands in that genre, but if I pick a specific band, Pandora should be smart enough to realize I want everything from that band, not just their hit songs.
I also have a frequent connectivity issue. I live in a rural area where it is not uncommon to lose cellular coverage and subsequently my Pandora feed.
No problem, I understand this is unavoidable. The problem is that when I regain cellular connectivity Pandora often will not reboot. Keyboardist D. Vocalist Melanie Redmond, who had just completed a world tour with Duran Duran, joined the tour during the European leg as a session musician.
The studio EP Shades of Blue was released in Palmer bowed out partway through the tour and was replaced by ex- Stabbing Westward drummer Andy Kubiszewski. Another full-length film, directed by longtime collaborator Tim Pope , was made for this album. An experimental album called Gun Sluts was recorded in , but left unreleased by the band after it was rejected for being too uncommercial by their label. The Singles of The The. At this point, the band consisted solely of Johnson and longtime friend and collaborator J.
Thirlwell aka Foetus on tapes and loops, and young film director Benn Northover on film and video. This was the last live performance by The The for sixteen years; Johnson had stated on the official The The web site in the FAQ section that "There are no plans for one-off shows or tours in the near future but there will undoubtedly be another The The tour at some point.
Since , the reclusive Johnson has kept well away from the public eye and has concentrated primarily on soundtrack work, scoring numerous documentaries, films and art installations. In May The The released a new download-only single on their web site.
Entitled "Mrs. All instruments and vocals on the track were performed by Johnson. It was used as the opening song for the movie I Feel Pretty In the spring of , it was announced by Sony Music Entertainment that they plan to release a Soul Mining 30th Anniversary Deluxe Edition Boxset in the summer of Harper Collins imprint The Friday Project announced in the spring of that they would be publishing the first official biography of The The. Authored by Neil Fraser, it will apparently [ according to whom?
On 10 September, it was announced that Johnson would be touring as The The again for the first time in 17 years. Several more shows around the UK and Europe were subsequently added, as well as eight shows in the US. The touring announcement came subsequent to The The announcing a new triple-vinyl limited-edition box set, Radio Cineola: Trilogy, to be released when they kick off their first gigs since Featuring three albums — The End of The Day , The Inertia Variations , and Midnight to Midnight — the triple box set package, available for pre-order from 6 October , also comes with page bound book which includes album lyrics and exclusive photos.
On May 18, , the band members for the live comeback were announced on the official The The Facebook page. Matt Johnson is the only permanent member of The The. From to , and again from to the present, he was the only official member of The The.
The oscillation in the Z direction takes the Sun. It is thought that the energy necessary to heat the corona is provided by turbulent motion in the convection zone below the photosphere, and two main mechanisms have been proposed to explain coronal heating. Currently, it is unclear whether waves are an efficient heating mechanism. Current research focus has therefore shifted towards flare heating mechanisms.
However, the geological record demonstrates that Earth has remained at a fairly constant temperature throughout its history, and that the young Earth was somewhat warmer than it is today. One theory among scientists is that the atmosphere of the young Earth contained much larger quantities of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide , methane than are present today, which trapped enough heat to compensate for the smaller amount of solar energy reaching it.
However, examination of Archaean sediments appears inconsistent with the hypothesis of high greenhouse concentrations. Instead, the moderate temperature range may be explained by a lower surface albedo brought about by less continental area and the "lack of biologically induced cloud condensation nuclei". This would have led to increased absorption of solar energy, thereby compensating for the lower solar output. The Sun has been an object of veneration in many cultures throughout human history.
In many prehistoric and ancient cultures, the Sun was thought to be a solar deity or other supernatural entity. Worship of the Sun was central to civilizations such as the ancient Egyptians , the Inca of South America and the Aztecs of what is now Mexico. In religions such as Hinduism , the Sun is still considered a god. The Egyptians portrayed the god Ra as being carried across the sky in a solar barque, accompanied by lesser gods, and to the Greeks, he was Helios , carried by a chariot drawn by fiery horses.
Regarding the fixed stars , the Sun appears from Earth to revolve once a year along the ecliptic through the zodiac , and so Greek astronomers categorized it as one of the seven planets Greek planetes , "wanderer" ; the naming of the days of the weeks after the seven planets dates to the Roman era. One of the first people to offer a scientific or philosophical explanation for the Sun was the Greek philosopher Anaxagoras. He reasoned that it was not the chariot of Helios , but instead a giant flaming ball of metal even larger than the land of the Peloponnesus and that the Moon reflected the light of the Sun.
In the 1st century AD, Ptolemy estimated the distance as 1, times the radius of Earth , approximately 7. The theory that the Sun is the center around which the planets orbit was first proposed by the ancient Greek Aristarchus of Samos in the 3rd century BC, and later adopted by Seleucus of Seleucia see Heliocentrism.
This view was developed in a more detailed mathematical model of a heliocentric system in the 16th century by Nicolaus Copernicus. Observations of sunspots were recorded during the Han Dynasty BC—AD by Chinese astronomers , who maintained records of these observations for centuries.
Averroes also provided a description of sunspots in the 12th century. Galileo posited that sunspots were on the surface of the Sun rather than small objects passing between Earth and the Sun. From an observation of a transit of Venus in , the Persian astronomer and polymath Avicenna concluded that Venus is closer to Earth than the Sun. Lord Kelvin suggested that the Sun is a gradually cooling liquid body that is radiating an internal store of heat. Not until was a documented solution offered.
The theoretical concept of fusion was developed in the s by the astrophysicists Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and Hans Bethe. Hans Bethe calculated the details of the two main energy-producing nuclear reactions that power the Sun.
These probes orbited the Sun at a distance similar to that of Earth, and made the first detailed measurements of the solar wind and the solar magnetic field. Pioneer 9 operated for a particularly long time, transmitting data until May In the s, two Helios spacecraft and the Skylab Apollo Telescope Mount provided scientists with significant new data on solar wind and the solar corona.
The Helios 1 and 2 probes were U. This spacecraft was designed to observe gamma rays , X-rays and UV radiation from solar flares during a time of high solar activity and solar luminosity. Just a few months after launch, however, an electronics failure caused the probe to go into standby mode, and it spent the next three years in this inactive state. In Space Shuttle Challenger mission STSC retrieved the satellite and repaired its electronics before re-releasing it into orbit.
Mission data allowed scientists to identify several different types of flares, and demonstrated that the corona away from regions of peak activity was much more dynamic and active than had previously been supposed.
Yohkoh observed an entire solar cycle but went into standby mode when an annular eclipse in caused it to lose its lock on the Sun. It was destroyed by atmospheric re-entry in All these satellites have observed the Sun from the plane of the ecliptic, and so have only observed its equatorial regions in detail.
It first travelled to Jupiter , to "slingshot" into an orbit that would take it far above the plane of the ecliptic. Elemental abundances in the photosphere are well known from spectroscopic studies, but the composition of the interior of the Sun is more poorly understood. A solar wind sample return mission, Genesis , was designed to allow astronomers to directly measure the composition of solar material.
Two identical spacecraft were launched into orbits that cause them to respectively pull further ahead of and fall gradually behind Earth. This enables stereoscopic imaging of the Sun and solar phenomena, such as coronal mass ejections. Its main instrument will be a coronagraph for studying the dynamics of the Solar corona. The brightness of the Sun can cause pain from looking at it with the naked eye ; however, doing so for brief periods is not hazardous for normal non-dilated eyes.
Viewing the Sun through light-concentrating optics such as binoculars may result in permanent damage to the retina without an appropriate filter that blocks UV and substantially dims the sunlight. When using an attenuating filter to view the Sun, the viewer is cautioned to use a filter specifically designed for that use. Some improvised filters that pass UV or IR rays, can actually harm the eye at high brightness levels.
The sunlight that is destined for the eyepiece is reflected from an unsilvered surface of a piece of glass. Only a very small fraction of the incident light is reflected.
The rest passes through the glass and leaves the instrument. If the glass breaks because of the heat, no light at all is reflected, making the device fail-safe. Unfiltered binoculars can deliver hundreds of times as much energy as using the naked eye, possibly causing immediate damage. It is claimed that even brief glances at the midday Sun through an unfiltered telescope can cause permanent damage.
During partial eclipses most sunlight is blocked by the Moon passing in front of the Sun, but the uncovered parts of the photosphere have the same surface brightness as during a normal day.
This can damage or kill those cells, resulting in small permanent blind spots for the viewer. Hazy conditions, atmospheric dust, and high humidity contribute to this atmospheric attenuation.
An optical phenomenon , known as a green flash , can sometimes be seen shortly after sunset or before sunrise. The flash is caused by light from the Sun just below the horizon being bent usually through a temperature inversion towards the observer.
Light of shorter wavelengths violet, blue, green is bent more than that of longer wavelengths yellow, orange, red but the violet and blue light is scattered more, leaving light that is perceived as green. Ultraviolet light from the Sun has antiseptic properties and can be used to sanitize tools and water. It also causes sunburn , and has other biological effects such as the production of vitamin D and sun tanning. The Sun has eight known planets.
The Solar System also has at least five dwarf planets , an asteroid belt , numerous comets , and a large number of icy bodies which lie beyond the orbit of Neptune. Solar deities play a major role in many world religions and mythologies.
From at least the 4th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt , the Sun was worshipped as the god Ra , portrayed as a falcon-headed divinity surmounted by the solar disk, and surrounded by a serpent. In the New Empire period, the Sun became identified with the dung beetle , whose spherical ball of dung was identified with the Sun.
In the form of the sun disc Aten , the Sun had a brief resurgence during the Amarna Period when it again became the preeminent, if not only, divinity for the Pharaoh Akhenaton. In the Bible , Malachi 4: It was adopted as the Sabbath day by Christians who did not have a Jewish background. The symbol of light was a pagan device adopted by Christians, and perhaps the most important one that did not come from Jewish traditions.
In paganism, the Sun was a source of life, giving warmth and illumination to mankind. It was the center of a popular cult among Romans, who would stand at dawn to catch the first rays of sunshine as they prayed.
The celebration of the winter solstice which influenced Christmas was part of the Roman cult of the unconquered Sun Sol Invictus. Christian churches were built with an orientation so that the congregation faced toward the sunrise in the East. Tonatiuh , the Aztec god of the sun, was usually depicted holding arrows and a shield  and was closely associated with the practice of human sacrifice.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the star. For other uses, see Sun disambiguation. For other uses, see The Sun disambiguation. Star at the centre of the Solar System. Sun with sunspots and limb darkening as seen in visible light with solar filter.
False-color photo of the Sun as seen in ultraviolet light wavelength of Main article: See also: Molecules in stars. Standard solar model. Solar core. Radiative zone. Convection zone. Corona and Coronal loop. Solar irradiance. Stellar magnetic field , Sunspots , List of solar cycles , and Solar phenomena. Butterfly diagram showing paired sunspot pattern.
Graph is of sunspot area. Main articles: Formation and evolution of the Solar System and Stellar evolution. Faint young Sun paradox. The Sun in culture. Solar observatory. Play media. Solar System. Solar deity. One billion is 10 9 , or 1,,, Bacteria instead use sulfur compounds as an energy source, via chemosynthesis.
Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 12 August Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics 2nd edition.
Cambridge University Press. Communications in Asteroseismology. Frequently Asked Questions". Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 24 October The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Archived from the original on 2 January Elert, G. The Physics Factbook.
Astronomy and Astrophysics. Retrieved 17 March Retrieved 22 March Stanford Solar Center. Retrieved 29 July Citing Eddy, J. A New Sun: The Solar Results From Skylab.
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