Label: Metalmaster - CD MET 202 Format: CD Country: Italy Genre: Rock Style: Alternative Rock, Garage Rock
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health. Retrieved 3 February The rate of reporting, prosecuting and convicting for rape varies between jurisdictions. I hope that you survive whatever hurdle you are having right now and come out as a survivor. McGraw-Hill Medical. Retrieved from " https:
For the scene in which Brandon is stripped, a hand-held camera was used to give a sense of subjectivity and intimacy. The use of low natural light and heavy artificial light is illustrated early in the film in the opening roller rink scene in which Brandon pursues his first relationship with a young woman.
For this scene, Peirce used a three-shot method similar to that used in a scene in The Wizard of Oz in which Dorothy leaves her house and enters Oz. Some scenes were given a prolonged shooting sequence to induce a feeling of hallucination. An example is the sequence in which Brandon and Lana first have sex, followed by a shot of her, Brandon, Candace, and Kate driving in a car against a city skyline backdrop.
The scene took an hour and a half to film in total. Peirce drew inspiration from the filming style of John Cassavetes and the early work of Martin Scorsese , and she incorporated neo-realist techniques into the film. The title of the film is taken from the song of the same name by British rock band The Cure. An American cover of the song, sung by Nathan Larson, plays in the background in the scene in which Lana bails Brandon out of jail and during one of their sex scenes.
However, the song is not included on the released soundtrack. The soundtrack was released on November 23, , by Koch Records. Roger Ebert described the film as a "romantic tragedy" embedded in a working class American setting, calling it " Romeo and Juliet set in a Nebraska trailer park". Carol Siegel regarded the film as a thematically rich love story between two ill-fated lovers, similarly to Romeo and Juliet. She opined that Brandon wanted to create close relationships, but he could not due to his transgender status until he became close with Lana.
He consistently faces a sense of fear related to the power-over dynamics that he and others who are transsexual face…Brandon experiences the central relational paradox, in which he yearns for connection; however, due to the real threat he faces, he is unable to make that connection. Halberstam commented on the complicated causes of the murder, and whether it was due to transphobia or homophobia: In her film, Pierce [ sic ] inserts the unconventional problems of transsexuality into a conventional narrative structure.
Throughout the film Brandon is presented as a doomed, though beguiling and beautiful rascal, recognizably located in the lineage of well-known cinematic bad-boys like James Dean, Steve McQueen, and Paul Newman.
Brenda Cooper, in Critical Studies in Media Communication , argued that the film "can be read as a liberatory narrative that queers the centers of heteronormativity and hegemonic masculinity by privileging female masculinity and celebrating its differences from heterosexual norms.
Later on in the same essay, she commented that Brandon both embodied and rejected traditional masculinity, providing a new outlook on what it means to be a man which excited and thrilled the women in the film: When Brandon tries to establish his male identity with his new buddies, he imitates the kind of overly aggressive macho machismo that John and Tom represent.
But Lana falls for Brandon because of his version of masculinity, which contradicts and challenges traditional assumptions about what it takes to be a man and to please a woman. Jennifer Esposito wrote that "We watch onscreen as Brandon binds his breasts, packs a dildo , fixes his hair in a mirror.
His masculinity is carefully scripted. John and Tom…are never shown preparing for masculinity. They are already masculine. In another piece, Halberstam compared the media portrayal of Brandon to that of Billy Tipton , a jazz musician who no one knew was transgender until the post-mortem discovery that he was assigned female at birth. Within this universe of feeling and reaction structured by lack and tinted blue by country lyrics and a protective and threatening night-time light, characters imbricate gender and class through their longings for love, acceptance and a better life.
But the effects are familiar ones in the history of racist representations. Some of these narratives are narratives of hate, some of desire; others tell of ignorance and brutality; still others of isolation and fear; some allow violence and ignorant prejudices to become the essence of white poor rural identity; still others provoke questions about the deployment of whiteness and the regulation of violence.
Christina Dando wrote that the typical portrayal of the Midwest as a "frontier" area did not come through in the film until the setting switched from Lincoln to Falls City: It is virtually timeless. There is also a sense of both place and placelessness. While the landscape is distinctively Plains, it could be described as nowhere. There are no complete families, only the family that that has been created.
The men appear to have no homes, relationally or physically: Most of the scenes are set at night, utilizing night Plains skies with time-lapse clouds, heightening the isolation. Film frames of placeless and timeless. The community also is dark. It is marginal, just managing to get along, and in the end deadly. He appears to be able to easily handle both landscapes, yet belong to neither. At that time, the film was still called Take It Like a Man. However, this number increased to nearly by March By May , it had a U.
She provides the counterbalance to the tide of hatred that drowns the last act of the film. Maslin said, "unlike most films about mind-numbing tragedy, this one manages to be full of hope". She wrote, "Peirce The film was generally well-received by the LGBT community. Most of the media instead cast Teena as a Yentl for the new millennium, rather than a victim of anti-transgender bigotry.
Tisdel disliked the way she was portrayed in the film, and called the film the "second murder of Brandon Teena". It was just weird. The film won a variety of awards, most of which went to Swank for her performance. The family of Brandon Teena criticized Swank for her repeated use of the male gender pronoun "he" in her Oscar acceptance speech.
She said, "She pretended she was a man so no other man could touch her". Peirce was angry because the MPAA wanted the sex scene between Brandon and Lana removed but was satisfied with the level of brutality in the murder scene.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Tracey Granger Lee Percy. Further information: Brandon Teena. Unlike most films about mind-numbing tragedy, this one manages to be full of hope. Main article: A Girl Like Me: British Board of Film Classification.
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Answer Wiki. Answered Oct 8, Mainly the reasons for crying while being asleep are: Night terrors Night terrors are a sleep disorder that cause people to partially wake up confused and terrified. Generalized anxiety disorder Generalized anxiety disorder is a condition in which a person has nearly constant anxiety.
Sleep apnea People with sleep apnea stop and restart breathing multiple times while sleeping. Child abuse The signs and symptoms of child abuse include bruises, burns, bleeding, fearful behavior, bedwetting and more.
Sleep deprivation Sleep deprivation occurs when the lack of restful sleep is severe enough to compromise basic body functions. Excessive caffeine use Excessive caffeine use can cause irritability, difficulty sleeping, anger, depression, and fatigue. Epilepsy temporal lobe Epilepsy is a condition marked by seizures.
Epilepsy simple partial seizures During simple partial epileptic seizures, people remain fully conscious, able to respond to external stimuli. Epilepsy complex partial seizures During complex partial seizures, people lose consciousness briefly.
Hypersomnia disorder Hypersomnia is a rare condition that makes people sleep much more than normal. Substance-induced mood disorder Substance-induced mood disorder can cause depressed mood, lack of interest in activities, fatigue, and more. Social anxiety disorder Social anxiety disorder causes intense stress and anxiety during everyday social situations. Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is the fear of open places, or any situation where escape would be difficult. Dementia with Lewy bodies Dementia with Lewy bodies is a brain disorder that causes problems managing memory and movement.
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Sexual aggression is often considered a masculine identity characteristic of manhood in some male groups and is significantly correlated to the desire to be held higher in esteem among male peers. In some areas in Papua New Guinea , women can actually be punished by public gang rape usually through permission by elders.
One metric used by the WHO to determine the severity of global rates of coercive, forced sexual activity was the question "Have you ever been forced to have sexual intercourse against your will? Frequently, victims may not recognize what happened to them was rape. Some may remain in denial for years afterwards. During the assault, a person will respond with fight, flight , freeze, friend sometimes called fawn ,  or flop.
Victims may react in ways they did not anticipate. These are common survival responses of all mammals. An assumption is that someone being raped would call for help or struggle. A struggle would result in torn clothes or injuries.
Dissociation can occur during the assault. They may consolidate with time and sleep. A woman or girl may orgasm during a sexual assault. This may become a source of shame and confusion for those assaulted along with those who were around them. Trauma symptoms may not show until years after the sexual assault occurred. Immediately following a rape, the survivor may react outwardly in a wide range of ways, from expressive to closed down; common emotions include distress, anxiety, shame, revulsion, helplessness, and guilt.
In the weeks following the rape, the survivor may develop symptoms of post traumatic stress syndrome and may develop wide array of psychosomatic complaints. Most people recover from rape in three to four months, but many have persistent PTSD that may manifest in anxiety, depression, substance abuse, irritability, anger, flashbacks, or nightmares.
Men experience similar psychological effects of being raped, but they are less likely to seek counseling. Another effect of rape and sexual assault is the stress created in those who study rape or counsel the survivors.
This is called vicarious traumatization. The presence or absence of physical injury may be used to determine whether a rape has occurred. While penetrative rape generally does not involve the use of a condom, in some cases a condom is used. This significantly reduces the likelihood of pregnancy and disease transmission , both to the victim and to the rapist.
Rationales for condom use include: Concern for the victim is generally not considered a factor. Those who have been raped have relatively more reproductive tract infections than those not been raped. Acquiring AIDS through rape puts people risk of suffering psychological problems. Acquiring HIV through rape may lead to the in behaviors that create risk of injecting drugs.
This leads to the rape of girls and women. Women who have been raped are sometimes deemed to have behaved improperly. Usually, these are cultures where there is a significant social divide between the freedoms and status afforded to men and women. Finally, rape victims are blamed more when they are raped by an acquaintance or a date rather than by a stranger e. The underlying message of this research seems to be that when certain stereotypical elements of rape are in place, rape victims are prone to being blamed.
Commentators state: These include the idea that power is reserved to men whereas women are meant for sex and objectified, that women want forced sex and to be pushed around,  and that male sexual impulses and behaviors are uncontrollable and must be satisfied.
For females, victim-blaming correlates with fear. Many rape victims blame themselves. Female jurors might look at the woman on the witness stand and believe she had done something to entice the defendant. In many cultures, those who are raped have a high risk of suffering additional violence or threats of violence after the rape.
This can be perpetrated by the rapist, friends, or relatives of the rapist. The intent can be to prevent the victim from reporting the rape. Other reasons for threats against the those assaulted is to punish them for reporting it, or of forcing them to withdraw the complaint. The relatives of the person who has been raped may wish to prevent "bringing shame" to the family and may also threaten them.
This is especially the case in cultures where female virginity is highly valued and considered mandatory before marriage; in extreme cases, rape victims are killed in honor killings. Victims are to be informed of this immediately by law enforcement or medical service providers.
They are able to conduct a focused medical-legal exam. If such a trained clinician is not available, the emergency department has a sexual assault protocol that has been established for treatment and the collection of evidence. Emphasis is placed on performing the examinations at a pace that is appropriate for the person, their family, their age, and their level of understanding. Many rapes do not result in serious injury. This general assessment will prioritize the treatment of injuries by the emergency room staff.
Medical personnel involved are trained to assess and treat those assaulted or follow protocols established to ensure privacy and best treatment practices. Informed consent is always required prior to treatment unless the person who was assaulted is unconscious, intoxicated or does not have the mental capacity to give consent. In more violent cases, the victim may need to have gunshot wounds or stab wounds treated. After the general assessment and treatment of serious injuries, further evaluation may include the use of additional diagnostic testing such as x-rays , CT or MRI image studies and blood work.
The presence of infection is determined by sampling of body fluids from the mouth, throat, vagina, perineum , and anus. Victims have the right to refuse any evidence collection. After the physical injuries are addressed and treatment has begun, then forensic examination proceeds along with the gathering of evidence that can be used to identify and document the injuries.
Photographs of the injuries may be requested by staff. If the patient or the caregivers, typically parents agree, the medical team utilizes standardized sampling and testing usually referred to a forensic evidence kit or " rape kit ". The patient is discouraged from bathing or showering for the purpose of obtaining samples from their hair. Once the injuries of the patient have been treated and she or he is stabilized, the sample gathering will begin. During the medical exam, evidence of bodily secretions is assessed.
Dried semen that is on clothing and skin can be detected with a fluorescent lamp. These specimens are marked, placed in a paper bag,  and be marked for later analysis for the presence of seminal vesicle-specific antigen. Though technically, medical staff are not part of the legal system, only trained medical personnel can obtain evidence that is admissible during a trial.
The procedures have been standardized. Evidence is collected, signed, and locked in a secure place to guarantee that legal evidence procedures are maintained. This is known as the chain of evidence and is a legal term that describes a carefully monitored procedure of evidence collection and preservation.
Maintaining the Chain of evidence from the medical examination, testing and tissue sampling from its origin of collection to court allows the results of the sampling to be admitted as evidence.
Some physical effects of the rape are not immediately apparent. Follow up examinations also assess the patient for tension headaches , fatigue , sleep pattern disturbances, gastrointestinal irritability, chronic pelvic pain, menstrual pain or irregularity, pelvic inflammatory disease, multiple yeast infections, sexual dysfunction, premenstrual distress, fibromyalgia, vaginal discharge, vaginal itching, burning during urination, and generalized vaginal pain.
An internal pelvic exam is not recommended for sexually immature or prepubescent girls due to the probability that internal injuries do not exist in this age group. An internal exam may be recommended if significant bloody discharge is observed, though. An oral exam is done if there have been injuries to the mouth, teeth, gums or pharynx. Though the patient may have no complaints about genital pain signs of trauma can still be assessed.
Prior to the complete bodily and genital exam, the patient is asked to undress, standing on a white sheet that collects any debris that may be in the clothing. The clothing and sheet are properly bagged and labeled along with other samples that can be removed from the body or clothing of the patient. Samples of fibers , mud, hair, leaves are gathered if present. Sometimes the victim has scratched the perpetrator in defense and fingernail scrapings can be collected.
Injuries to the genital areas can be swelling, lacerations, and bruising. If a foreign object was used during the assault, x-ray visualization will identify retained fragments. Internal injuries to the cervix and vagina can be visualized using colposcopy.
Using colposcopy has increased the detection of internal trauma from six percent to fifty-three percent. Genital injuries to children who have been raped or sexually assaulted differ in that the abuse may be on-going or it happened in the past after the injuries heal.
Scarring is one sign of the sexual abuse of children. Several studies have explored the association between skin color and genital injury among rape victims. Many studies found a difference in rape-related injury based on race, with more injuries being reported for white females and males than for black females and males. This may be because the dark skin color of some victims obscures bruising.
Examiners paying attention to victims with darker skin, especially the thighs, labia majora, posterior fourchette, and fossa navicularis, can help remedy this. The presence of a sexually contracted infection can not be confirmed after rape because it cannot be detected until 72 hours afterwards. The person who was raped may already have a sexually transmitted bacterial, viral and other infections and if diagnosed, it is treated.
Chlamydial and gonococcal infections in women are of particular concern due to the possibility of ascending infection. Immunization against hepatitis B is often considered. Information regarding other treatment options are available from the CDC. The transmission of HIV is frequently a major concern of the patient. Routine treatment for HIV after rape or sexual assault is controversial due to the low risk of infection after one sexual assault.
Transmission of HIV after one exposure to penetrative anal sex is estimated to be 0. Transmission of HIV after one exposure to penetrative vaginal intercourse is 0. HIV can also be contracted through the oral route but is considered rare. Testing at the time of the initial exam does not typically have forensic value if patients are sexually active and have an STI since it could have been acquired prior to the assault.
Rape shield laws protect the person who was raped and who has positive test results. These laws prevent having such evidence used against someone who was raped. Someone who was raped may be concerned that a prior infection may suggest sexual promiscuity. There may, however, be situations in which testing has the legal purpose, as in cases where the threat of transmission or actual transmission of an STI was part of the crime. In nonsexually active patients, an initial, baseline negative test that is followed by a subsequent STI could be used as evidence, if the perpetrator also had an STI.
Treatment failure is possible due to the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of pathogens. Psychiatric and emotional consequences can be apparent immediately after rape and it may be necessary to treat these very early in the evaluation and treatment. Hate me if you want to, love me if you want. But just use your common sense. Stop it. Quit playing.
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