Label: Rundt På Gulvet Records - RPG1998 Series: DM i Dansk Rap - 1998 Format: CD Compilation Country: Denmark Genre: Hip Hop Style: Pop Rap
Bridges Live: The tools needed to make beats in the late s were funk, soul, and other music genre recordsrecord turntablesDJ mixersaudio consolesand relatively inexpensive Portastudio -style multitrack recording devices. Kwaito is a music that came from a once hated and oppressed people, but it is now sweeping the nation. Archived from the original on January 6, Try our Android Application "General Downloader" to find and download files. These critics are advocating a viewpoint called " rockism " which favors music written and performed by the individual artist as seen in some famous singer-songwriter -led rock bands and is against s decade -era hip hop, which these critics argue give too large a role to record producers and digital sound recording. Hip hop is seen as being too violent and explicit, in comparison with rock.
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Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. While rapping is often done over beats, either done by a DJ, a beatboxer , it can also be done without accompaniment.
It can be broken down into different components, such as "content", "flow" rhythm and rhyme , and "delivery". Frankly I grew up with disco music. How do they intertwine? In America in the late s, graffiti was used as a form of expression by political activists.
He was a member of the "Savage Skulls" gang, and started writing his nickname in his neighborhood as early as According to the article Julio had been writing for a couple of years when Taki began tagging his own name all around the city.
Taki also states in the article that Julio "was busted and stopped. One of the most common forms of graffiti is tagging, or the act of stylizing your unique name or logo. Spray painting public property or the property of others without their consent can be considered vandalism, and the "tagger" may be subject to arrest and prosecution for the criminal act. Whether legal or not, the hip hop culture considers tagging buildings, trains, bridges and other structures as visual art, and consider the tags as part of a complex symbol system with its own social codes and subculture rules.
Such art is in some cases now subject to federal protection in the US, making its erasure illegal. Bubble lettering held sway initially among writers from the Bronx , though the elaborate Brooklyn style Tracy dubbed " wildstyle " would come to define the art. The relationship between graffiti and hip hop culture arises both from early graffiti artists engaging in other aspects of hip hop culture,  Graffiti is understood as a visual expression of rap music, just as breaking is viewed as a physical expression.
The film Wild Style is widely regarded as the first hip hop motion picture, which featured prominent figures within the New York graffiti scene during the said period.
The book Subway Art and the documentary Style Wars were also among the first ways the mainstream public were introduced to hip hop graffiti. Graffiti remains part of hip hop, while crossing into the mainstream art world with exhibits in galleries throughout the world. Like many aspects of hip hop culture, breakdance borrows heavily from many cultures, including s-era street dancing,   Brazilian and Asian Martial arts , Russian folk dance ,  and the dance moves of James Brown , Michael Jackson , and California funk.
Breaking took form in the South Bronx in the s alongside the other elements of hip hop. Breakdancing is typically done with the accompaniment of hip hop music playing on a boom box or PA system.
According to the documentary film The Freshest Kids: A History of the B-Boy , DJ Kool Herc describes the "B" in B-boy as short for breaking, which at the time was slang for "going off", also one of the original names for the dance.
However, early on the dance was known as the "boing" the sound a spring makes. The "B" in B-boy or B-girl also stands simply for break, as in break-boy or -girl. The few B-girls who participated despite facing gender discrimination carved out a space for women as leaders within the breaking community, and the number of B-girls participating has increased. Beatboxing is the technique of vocal percussion , in which a singer imitates drums and other percussion instruments with her or his voice.
It is primarily concerned with the art of creating beats or rhythms using the human mouth. It was first popularized by Doug E. Beatboxers can create their beats just naturally, but many of the beatboxing effects are enhanced by using a microphone plugged into a PA system. This helps the beatboxer to make their beatboxing loud enough to be heard alongside a rapper, MC, turntablist, and other hip hop artists.
It declined in popularity along with b-boying in the late s, but has undergone a resurgence since the late s, marked by the release of "Make the Music Although it is not described as one of the four core elements that make up hip hop, music producing is another important element.
In music, record producers play a similar role in sound recording that film directors play in making a movie. The record producer recruits and selects artists rappers, MCs, DJs, beatboxers, and so on , plans the vision for the recording session, coaches the performers on their songs, chooses audio engineers , sets out a budget for hiring the artists and technical experts, and oversees the entire project.
The exact roles of a producer depend on each individual, but some producers work with DJs and drum machine programmers to create beats, coach the DJs in the selection of sampled basslines , riffs and catch phrases , give advice to rappers, vocalists, MCs and other artists, give suggestions to performers on how to improve their flow and develop a unique personal style. Some producers work closely with the audio engineer to provide ideas on mixing, effects units e. The producer may independently develop the "concept" or vision for a project or album, or develop the vision in collaboration with the artists and performers.
In hip hop, since the beginning of MCing, there have been producers who work in the studio, behind the scenes, to create the beats for MCs to rap over. Producers may find a beat they like on an old funk, soul, or disco record. They then isolate the beat and turn it into a loop. Alternatively, producers may create a beat with a drum machine or by hiring a drumkit percussionist to play acoustic drums. The producer could even mix and layer different methods, such as combining a sampled disco drum break with a drum machine track and some live, newly recorded percussion parts or a live electric bass player.
A beat created by a hip hop producer may include other parts besides a drum beat, such as a sampled bassline from a funk or disco song, dialogue from a spoken word record or movie, or rhythmic "scratching" and "punches" done by a turntablist or DJ. An early beat maker was producer Kurtis Blow , who won producer of the year credits in , , and Known for the creation of sample and sample loops, Blow was considered the Quincy Jones of early hip hop, a reference to the prolific African American record producer, conductor, arranger, composer, musician and bandleader.
One of the most influential beat makers was J. Dilla, a producer from Detroit who chopped samples by specific beats and would combine them together to create his unique sound. Those who create these beats are known as either beat makers or producers, however producers are known to have more input and direction on the overall the creation of a song or project, while a beat maker just provides or creates the beat.
As Dr. Dre has said before "Once you finish the beat, you have to produce the record. Most beats in hip hop are sampled from a pre-existing record. This means that a producer will take a portion or a "sample" of a song and reuse it as an instrumental section, beat or portion of their song.
This loop provides an accompaniment for an MC to rap over. The tools needed to make beats in the late s were funk, soul, and other music genre records , record turntables , DJ mixers , audio consoles , and relatively inexpensive Portastudio -style multitrack recording devices. In the s and s, beat makers and producers used the new electronic and digital instruments that were developed, such as samplers, sequencers, drum machines, and synthesizers.
From the s to the s, various beat makers and producers have used live instruments, such as drum kit or electric bass on some tracks. To record the finished beats or beat tracks, beat makers and producers use a variety of sound recording equipment, typically multitrack recorders. DAWs have made it possible for more people to be able to make beats in their own home studio, without going to a recording studio.
Beat makers who own DAWs do not have to buy all the hardware that a recording studio needed in the s huge 72 channel audio consoles, multitrack recorders, racks of rackmount effects units , because era DAWs have everything they need to make beats on a good quality, fast laptop computer. Beats are such an integral part of rap music that many producers have been able to make instrumental mixtapes or albums.
Even though these instrumentals have no rapping, listeners still enjoy the inventive ways the producer mixes different beats, samples and instrumental melodies. Some hip hop records come in two versions: The instrumental in this case is provided so that DJs and turntablists can isolate breaks, beats and other music to create new songs. Hip hop has made a considerable social impact since its inception in the s.
Patterson argues that mass communication is controlled by the wealthy, the government, and major businesses in Third World nations and countries around the world. As a result, the youth are influenced by the American hip hop scene and start their own forms of hip hop. Patterson believes that revitalization of hip hop music will occur around the world as traditional values are mixed with American hip hop music,  and ultimately a global exchange process will develop that brings youth around the world to listen to a common musical form of hip hop.
It has also been argued that rap music formed as a "cultural response to historic oppression and racism, a system for communication among black communities throughout the United States". In the s, hip hop lyrics are starting to reflect original socially conscious themes. Members of minority communities—such as Algerians in France, and Turks in Germany—use rap as a platform to protest racism, poverty, and social structures. The development of hip hop linguistics is complex.
Source material include the spirituals of slaves arriving in the new world, Jamaican dub music, the laments of jazz and blues singers, patterned cockney slang and radio deejays hyping their audience using rhymes. Academics suggest its development stems from a rejection of the racial hierarchy of language, which held "White English" as the superior form of educated speech.
There are also a number of words which predate hip hop, but are often associated with the culture, with homie being a notable example. One particular example is the rule-based slang of Snoop Dogg and E , who add -izzle or -izz to the end or middle of words. Hip hop lyricism has gained a measure of legitimacy in academic and literary circles. Studies of hip hop linguistics are now offered at institutions such as the University of Toronto , where poet and author George Eliot Clarke has taught the potential power of hip hop music to promote social change.
Hip hop texts are rich in imagery and metaphor and can be used to teach irony, tone, diction, and point of view. Hip hop texts can be analyzed for theme, motif, plot, and character development. Both Grand Master Flash and T. Eliot gazed out into their rapidly deteriorating societies and saw a "wasteland. Hip Hop lyrics have also been known for containing swear words. Some female artists have tried to reclaim the word and use it as a term of empowerment. Regardless, the hip hop community has recently taken an interest in discussing the use of the word "bitch" and whether it is necessary in rap.
In Canada, the use of non-standard variants of French, such as Franglais , a mix of French and English, by groups such as Dead Obies  or Chiac such as Radio Radio  has powerful symbolic implications for Canadian language politics and debates on Canadian identity.
In the United States rappers choose to rap in English, Spanish , or Spanglish , depending on their own backgrounds and their intended audience. Hip hop music has been censored on radio and TV due to the explicit lyrics of certain genres.
Many songs have been criticized for anti-establishment and sometimes violent messages. The use of profanity as well as graphic depictions of violence and sex in hip hop music videos and songs makes it hard to broadcast on television stations such as MTV, in music video form, and on radio.
As a result, many hip hop recordings are broadcast in censored form, with offending language "bleeped" or blanked out of the soundtrack, or replaced with "clean" lyrics. In , Roger Ebert wrote: Rap has a bad reputation in white circles, where many people believe it consists of obscene and violent anti-white and anti-female guttural.
Some of it does. Most does not. Yet rap plays the same role today as Bob Dylan did in , giving voice to the hopes and angers of a generation, and a lot of rap is powerful writing. In June , a U.
Professor Louis Gates testified on behalf of The 2 Live Crew, arguing that the material that the county alleged was profane actually had important roots in African-American vernacular, games, and literary traditions and should be protected.
Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that reflects the violent culture of inner-city American black youths. After the national attention that Ice-T and N. A created in the late s and early s, gangsta rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip hop. A is the group most frequently associated with the founding of gangsta rap. Their lyrics were more violent, openly confrontational, and shocking than those of established rap acts, featuring incessant profanity and, controversially, use of the word " nigga ".
The first blockbuster gangsta rap album was N. The song was intended to speak from the viewpoint of a criminal getting revenge on racist, brutal cops. Ice-T suggested that the furor over the song was an overreaction, telling journalist Chuck Philips " But nobody wants a black man to write a record about a cop killer. What started out as an underground art form has become a vehicle to expose a lot of critical issues that are not usually discussed in American politics. Uncut to air nearly-uncensored videos.
The group, having politically radical and Marxist lyrical content, said the cover meant to symbolize the destruction of capitalism. Their record label pulled the album until a new cover could be designed. The symbiotic relationship has also stretched to include car manufacturers, clothing designers and sneaker companies,  and many other companies have used the hip hop community to make their name or to give them credibility.
One such beneficiary was Jacob the Jeweler , a diamond merchant from New York. He created jewelry pieces from precious metals that were heavily loaded with diamond and gemstones. As his name was mentioned in the song lyrics of his hip hop customers, his profile quickly rose.
Arabo expanded his brand to include gem-encrusted watches that retail for hundreds of thousands of dollars, gaining so much attention that Cartier filed a trademark-infringement lawsuit against him for putting diamonds on the faces of their watches and reselling them without permission. While some brands welcome the support of the hip hop community, one brand that did not was Cristal champagne maker Louis Roederer. His answer was dismissive: Dre headphone line and Dr. Although product placement deals were not popular in the s, MC Hammer was an early innovator in this type of strategy.
With merchandise such as dolls, commercials for soft drinks and numerous television show appearances, Hammer began the trend of rap artists being accepted as mainstream pitchpeople for brands. Hip hop culture has had extensive coverage in the media, especially in relation to television; there have been a number of television shows devoted to or about hip hop, including in Europe " H.
For many years, BET was the only television channel likely to play hip hop, but in recent years [ when? It contained the first rap music record chart. They knew the art form very well and noticed the need for a hip hop magazine. DJs and rappers did not have a way to learn about rap music styles and labels.
The periodical began as the first Rap record chart and tip sheet for DJs and was distributed through national record pools and record stores throughout the New York City Tri-State area. One of the founding publishers, Charles Carroll noted, "Back then, all DJs came into New York City to buy their records but most of them did not know what was hot enough to spend money on, so we charted it.
New York tourists from abroad took the publication back home with them to other countries to share it, creating worldwide interest in the culture and new art form. The "Hip Hop Hit List" was also the first to define hip hop as a culture introducing the many aspects of the art form such as fashion, music, dance, the arts and most importantly the language. Most interviews were written verbatim which included their innovative broken English style of writing.
Some of the early charts were written in the graffiti format tag style but was made legible enough for the masses. Archived from the original on November 6, Retrieved July 20, Retrieved January 27, Playtime Is Over".
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