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Notify me of new comments via email. It was released on the PC and the Amiga. The CUI categories and subcategories were hoped to serve as the exclusive designations for identifying unclassified information throughout the executive branch not covered by Executive Order or the Atomic Energy Act of as amended but still required safeguarding or dissemination controls, pursuant to and consistent with any applicable laws, regulations, and government-wide policies in place at the time. The magazine has been involved in various legal actions over the decades, some of which have reached the United States Supreme Court. Secrecy vs.
Remembering William M. Retrieved July 7, February 4, Mad Magazine. Retrieved June 14, CS1 maint: Extra text: April 21, Gaines , Lyle Stuart, , pg. Collect Mad. Archived from the original on October 23, Retrieved January 27, What, Me Fifty?
Archived from the original on February 4, Neuman FAQ at". August 22, October 19, Neuman in animation". Archived from the original on July 18, Gaines , Secaucus, N.
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Sign in to view your mail. Close this content, you can also use the Escape key at anytime. Current policy requires that the classifier be "able" to describe the basis for classification but not that he or she in fact do so. Step 3 in the classification process is to assign a reason for the classification. Classification categories are marked by the number "1. The Invention Secrecy Act of allows the suppression of patents for a limited time for inventions that threaten national security.
Whether information related to nuclear weapons can constitutionally be " born secret " as provided for by the Atomic Energy Act of has not been tested in the courts. Guantanamo Bay detention camp has used a "presumptive classification" system to describe the statements of Guantanamo Bay detainees as classified. One of the reasons for classifying state secrets into sensitivity levels is to tailor the risk to the level of protection. The rooms or buildings for holding and handling classified material must have a facility clearance at the same level as the most sensitive material to be handled.
Good quality commercial physical security standards generally suffice for lower levels of classification; at the highest levels, people sometimes must work in rooms designed like bank vaults see Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility — SCIF.
Congress has such facilities inside the Capitol Building , among other Congressional handling procedures for protecting confidentiality. General Services Administration sets standards for locks and containers used to store classified material.
The most commonly-approved security containers resemble heavy-duty file cabinets with a combination lock in the middle of one drawer. In response to advances in methods to defeat mechanical combination locks, the U. After a specific number of failed attempts, they will permanently lock, requiring a locksmith to reset them.
Classified U. Authors must mark each paragraph, title and caption in a document with the highest level of information it contains, usually by placing appropriate initials in parentheses at the beginning of the paragraph, title, or caption. Commonly, one must affix a brightly colored cover sheet to the cover of each classified document to prevent unauthorized observation of classified material shoulder surfing and to remind users to lock up unattended documents.
The most sensitive material requires two-person integrity , where two cleared individuals are responsible for the material at all times. Approved containers for such material have two separate combination locks, both of which must be opened to access the contents. Restrictions dictate shipment methods for classified documents.
Top Secret material must go by special courier; Secret material within the U. CCI equipment and keying material must be controlled and stored with heightened physical security, even when the device is not processing classified information or contains no cryptographic key.
Suite B provides protection for data up to Top Secret on non-CCI devices, which is especially useful in high risk environments or operations needed to prevent Suite A compromise. These less stringent hardware requirements stem from the device not having to "protect" classified Suite A algorithms. Specialized computer operating systems known as trusted operating systems are available for processing classified information. These systems enforce the classification and labeling rules described above in software.
Since , however, they are not considered secure enough to allow uncleared users to share computers with classified activities. Thus, if one creates an unclassified document on a secret device, the resultant data is classified secret until it can be manually reviewed. The destruction of certain types of classified documents requires burning, shredding , pulping or pulverizing using approved procedures and must be witnessed and logged.
See Data remanence. When a cleared individual leaves the job or employer for which they were granted access to classified information, they are formally debriefed from the program. Debriefing is an administrative process that accomplishes two main goals: Typically, the individual is asked to sign another non-disclosure agreement NDA , similar to that which they signed when initially briefed, and this document serves as the formal record.
The debriefed individual does not lose their security clearance ; they have only surrendered the need to know for information related to that particular job. In the past, clearances did not necessarily transfer between various U. For example, an individual cleared for Department of Defense Top Secret had to undergo another investigation before being granted a Department of Energy Q clearance. Agencies are now supposed to honor background investigations by other agencies if they are still current.
For example, officials visiting at the White House from other government agencies would pass their clearances to the Executive Office of the President EOP. At one time, a person might hold both a TS and a Q clearance, but that duplication and cost is no longer required. Contrary to popular lore, the Yankee White clearance given to personnel who work directly with the President is not a classification. Individuals having Yankee White clearances undergo extensive background investigations.
The criteria include U. See also the Single Scope Background Investigation below, along with explicit compartmented access indoctrination. Some compartments, especially intelligence-related, may require a polygraph examination, although the reliability of the polygraph is controversial. The NSA uses the polygraph early in the clearance process [ citation needed ] while the CIA uses it at the end, which may suggest divergent opinions on the proper use of the polygraph.
Compartments also exist, that employ code words pertaining to specific projects and are used to more easily manage individual access requirements. Code words are not levels of classification themselves, but a person working on a project may have the code word for that project added to his file, and then will be given access to the relevant documents. Code words may also label the sources of various documents; for example, code words are used to indicate that a document may break the cover of intelligence operatives if its content becomes known.
The WWII code word Ultra identified information found by decrypting German ciphers, such as the Enigma machine , and which—regardless of its own significance—might inform the Germans that Enigma was broken if they became aware that it was known.
In fact, the terms refer to methods of handling certain types of classified information that relate to specific national-security topics or programs whose existence may not be publicly acknowledged or the sensitive nature of which requires special handling, and thereby those accessing it require special approval to access it.
To be clear, "collateral" simply means one lacks special access e. Confidential, Secret, and Top Secret are all, by themselves, collateral clearances. SAP and SCI implementation are roughly equivalent, and it is reasonable to discuss their implementation as one topic. Access to classified information is not authorized based on clearance status. Access is only permitted to individuals after determining they have a need to know. Need-to-know is a determination that an individual requires access to specific classified information in the performance of or assist in the performance of lawful and authorized government functions and duties.
To achieve selective separation of program information while still allowing full access to those working on the program, a separate compartment, identified by a unique codeword, is created for the information. This entails establishing communication channels, data storage, and work locations SCIF— Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility , which are physically and logically separated not only from the unclassified world, but from general Department of Defense classified channels as well. Thus established, all information generated within the compartment is classified according to the general rules above.
Examples of such SCI control systems are: A person is granted access to a specific compartment after the individual has: The individual then has access to all information in the compartment, regardless of its classification and assuming a need to know. However, access does not extend to any other compartment; i.
There is no public reference to whether SCI is divided in the same manner, but news reports reflecting that only the Gang of Eight members of Congress are briefed on certain intelligence activities, it may be assumed that similar rules apply for SCI or for programs with overlapping SAP and SCI content. Examples of SCI topics are human intelligence, communications intelligence, and intelligence collected by satellites.
One or more compartments may be created for each area, and each of these compartments may contain multiple subcompartments e. Specific compartmented programs will have their own specific rules. For example, it is standard that no person is allowed unaccompanied access to a nuclear weapon or to command-and-control systems for nuclear weapons. Personnel with nuclear-weapons access are under the Personnel Reliability Program. Some highly sensitive SAP or SCI programs may also use the "no lone zone" method that is, a physical location into which no one is allowed to enter unaccompanied described for nuclear weapons.
The United States also has a system of restrictive caveats that can be added to a document: These restrictions are not classifications in and of themselves; rather, they restrict the dissemination of information within those who have the appropriate clearance level and possibly the need to know the information.
Remarks such as "Eyes Only" also limit the restriction. Right Here For You 5. Secret Is A Sleazy Word 6. Dance, Shuffle, Move Your Feet 7.
Counting Ducks 8. Eight Nine Eight 9. Second Best To All The Kids You are commenting using your WordPress.
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