Label: Columbia - CK 46106 Series: Contemporary Jazz Masters Format: CD Compilation, Sampler Country: US Genre: Jazz Style: Contemporary Jazz
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The hip-hop genre had the most representation, at two-thirds of the total albums. Overall, "Fake Love" is the seventeenth non-English song to reach the top ten, and the first for a K-Pop group. Snoop Dogg in By convention in modern K-pop, trainees go through a rigorous training system for an undetermined amount of time before debut.
This method was popularised by Lee Soo-man , founder of S. Entertainment,  as part of a concept labelled " cultural technology ". Because of the training period, which can last for many years, and the significant amount of investment agencies put towards their trainees, the industry is very serious about launching new artists.
Trainees may enter an agency through auditions or be scouted, and once recruited are given accommodation and classes commonly singing, dancing, rapping, and foreign languages such as Mandarin, English and Japanese while they prepare for debut. Young trainees sometimes attend school at the same time.
There is no age limit to become a trainee and no limit to the duration one can spend as a trainee. Companies investigated included SidusHQ and S. K-pop management companies have also been criticized for exploitation of idols through overwork and restrictive contracts, described as " slave contracts " in a BBC report. In July , S. Entertainment was taken to court by TVXQ and a Super Junior member, who alleged that their working conditions had led to adverse health effects.
Entertainment void , and resultantly the Fair Trade Commission released contract templates to regulate industry conditions. In , South Korea passed a law to regulate its music industry, protecting idols aged under 19 from unhealthy labor practices and overtly sexualized performances  and guaranteeing them "the basic rights to learn, rest and sleep". Kim has also argued that there is a need to consider the expenses incurred by the company during the trainee period, including "facilities, equipment, costumes, and virtually everything the trainees need".
Prior to these regulations, trainee idols at eight idol agencies were not permitted to seek contracts at any other agency while at training. Moreover, agencies were able to terminate a trainee contract at any time for any reason. The Fair Trade Commission states that they believe these changes will "result in a more just contract culture within the entertainment industry between trainee and agency. Some of the concerns raised by the idol agencies over these regulations include the risk of a trainee at one agency going undercover at another agency to receive training with the other agency.
This introduces further risk that the idol agencies must take in training new idols. Trainees train for 3 years on average and the agencies support these trainees with various training programs during this duration, resulting in each trainee being a very large investment for the agency. The industry has been criticized for the sexualization of both male and female idols, with the sexualization of minors in particular being of concern. Sponsorships or "sponsor relationships" are a common form of sexual exploitation in the industry.
Wealthy individuals will "sponsor" idols or trainees by giving them expensive gifts or by helping them land roles or gain media coverage in return for sexual favors.
Some K-pop artists have suggested that the uncertainty and pressures of their jobs as entertainers may be detrimental to their mental health. According to musician Park Kyung of Block B, "you start living your life with anxiety right after debut. I put a lot of meaning on how I would work it out, but it seems like I have to study it for my entire life. The suicides of prominent K-pop musicians have drawn attention to industry pressures.
K-pop artists are frequently referred to as idols or idol groups. Many fans travel overseas to see their idols on tour, and tourists commonly visit Korea from Japan and China to see K-pop concerts.
Some of the more popular groups have personalised light sticks for use at concerts; for example, Big Bang fans hold yellow crown-shaped light sticks. The rice bags are donated to those in need.
There are businesses in Korea dedicated to shipping rice from farmers to the venues. A unique feature of K-pop fandom is the "fan chant". Some idols and idol groups have faced problems from obsessive fans that indulge in stalking or invasive behaviour. Social media sites such as YouTube , Twitter , and Facebook allow K-pop artists to reach a global audience and to communicate readily with their fans. The number of searches of "K-pop" on YouTube increased by a factor of 33 from to Through social media advertisement, Korean entertainment companies narrowed the cultural gap so K-pop could enter the global market and gain recognition among oversea consumers.
Before the digital era, people would purchase and consume music products on an individual basis. Consumers now actively participate in sharing music products and advertising their favorite artists, which is advantageous for K-pop.
Of the 2. Twitter has also been a significant social media platform for K-pop stars to get connections and promotions. Other K-pop groups, such as Seventeen and Monsta X, also appeared in the global top ten. Exo, a South Korean boyband, was the most followed celebrity to have entered Twitter in Many Korean entertainment companies use social media platforms, especially Facebook, to promote and communicate about their global auditions. Following the lifting of WWII -era restrictions imposed on exchanges and trade between Korea and Japan in the late s, the first-generation girl group S.
S became the first Korean artists to debut in Japan in late and their first album Reach Out in This made them the first Korean male group to have a number-one single in Japan. Some Korean artists were in the top 10 selling artists of the year in Japan. The s saw the rise of K-pop in China through groups like H.
K-pop artists have achieved considerable success in China since then: Having Chinese members in K-pop groups is one way Korean entertainment companies make K-pop more marketable and appealing in China. However, lately, Korean entertainment companies have allowed their Chinese K-pop idols more freedom in pursuing solo work in China.
Additionally, the rise of K-pop has led to an increase in the number of Chinese tourists in South Korea—3. While consumption of South Korean entertainment is punishable by death in North Korea,  it has still become increasingly more available with the global rise of technology and the implementation of underground smuggling networks over the past decades.
Because North Korean law enforcement had figured out how to catch people consuming the media from DVDs, few people accessed the K-pop and K-dramas.
Utilizing the increasingly sophisticated smuggling networks, several thousands of USB drives and SD cards containing K-pop and K-dramas have been distributed and sold through care packages and the black market. Those near the border who choose to stay away from the banned media from the flash drives often cannot escape it.
Ever since the s, both countries have blasted their own propaganda across the DMZ: North Korea broadcasting anti-south propaganda and South Korea broadcasting Korean and world news as well as K-pop. After an incident in , South Korea resumed broadcasting anti-North news for four days, as well as in , after North Korea tested its hydrogen bomb and has been broadcasting since.
These 11 loudspeakers can be heard up to six miles into North Korean territory. This enables the broadcasts to influence possible defectors staying near the border as well as create bothersome propaganda that North Korean soldiers cannot escape. The dissemination of K-pop and Korean media has been crucial in presenting the realities of North Korea to its citizens. By detailing the basic conditions of life in South Korea and introducing foreign ideologies, Korean media has aroused civil unrest amongst both citizens and elites concerning the disparities between living conditions inside and outside North Korea.
Because most youth lacked the resources to afford the drives, most consumers of South Korean media before were middle-aged elite who favored K-dramas over K-pop due to their more traditional behavior. One researcher at the Korea Institute for National Unification claims to have never met a single defector who had not seen or listened to foreign media before entering South Korea. Yet experts remain wary that a cultural uprising will occur because of the media.
In , Kim stated he was "deeply moved" after attending a two-hour concert in Pyongyang featuring South Korean performers such as singer Cho Yong-pil and the popular girl band Red Velvet. The concert featuring over South Korean artists, attended by North Korean elites,  also displays growing relations between the North and the South.
None of the song line ups, lyrics, or dance moves of the performers were asked to be changed by traditionalist North Korean officials. The South Korean artists also performed alongside notable North Korean artists in the following week. Recordings of both performances have been made public to South Koreans, though no reports have been made of their release to the North Korean public.
Despite sharing a similar past, the Taiwanese did not carry a positive sentiment towards South Korea after , which is when South Korea broke off its diplomatic relationship with Taiwan in order to pursue one with mainland China. This change was in part prompted by the South Korean government, who wished to encourage goodwill between the two countries after the break of diplomacy. Now many Taiwanese have remarked that Korean popular music and Korean dramas has helped to foster a renewed interest and healthier relationship with South Korea.
Korean-style "straight eyebrows" have become quite popular among many Singaporean females and males of Chinese, Malay and Indian descent. This event proved the immense popularity of the Hallyu wave in Singapore. In Malaysia, among the three main ethnic groups— Malay , Chinese and Indian — many prefer to listen to music in their own languages, but K-pop and Korean movies and TV series have become popular among all three ethnic groups, which Malaysian firms have capitalized upon.
K-pop along with Korean TV series and movies has turned into a popular culture, specially among young generation of Indonesia. This trend can be observed in any major city of the country. K-pop has also influenced music in Indonesia.
Korean telenovelas were aired locally in the Philippines starting in , marking a further expansion of the Hallyu wave. In the Northeast Indian state of Manipur , where separatists have banned Bollywood movies, consumers have turned to Korean popular culture for their entertainment needs. This has led to the increasing use of Korean phrases in common parlance amongst the young people of Manipur.
In order to capitalize on the popularity of K-pop in Manipur, many hairdressing salons have offered "Korean-style" cuts based on the hairstyles of K-pop boy bands. K-pop is catching up in various other states of the country and K-pop festivals and competitions draw thousands of fans. In Nepal , K-pop gained popularity along with Korean dramas and films.
K-pop has become influential in the Nepali music industry and K-pop music videos are often used as an accompaniment to Nepali music on YouTube. Vietnam already had numerous contacts with South Korea in the past and even shared a similar political situation, notably the separation in half of both nations. Despite the tragedies of the Vietnam War , the country presently remains welcoming of the Korean influence on the Vietnamese population.
South Korean entertainment companies are investing and searching for talent in Vietnam. Lee also said that Vietnamese culture is extremely similar to Korean culture, which is favorable for both countries in terms of global expansion.
These are prime examples of the Hallyu wave and the rising K-pop popularity in Vietnam. In , the Wonder Girls became the first K-pop artist to debut on the Billboard Hot singles chart. The tickets sold out in only a few hours, and additional dates were added. Psy later told reporters that his gig with Madonna had "topped his list of accomplishments". Tear reached 1 on the Billboard , making it the first Korean act to do so. Many idol groups have loyal fan bases in Latin America.
Korean dramas exposed the Mexican public to Korean products and spurred interest in other aspects of Korean culture.
K-Pop commenced to gain ground in Mexico due to the series the music accompanied. Fans particularly sought out the music of soundtracks respective to Korean dramas that were broadcast. The comic convention, La Mole, commenced selling Japanese comics and music and later commenced to sell K-Pop.
PIUs combined gaming and dancing, introducing the Mexican youth to Korean gaming software and generating interest in Korean music. In the recent years, the number of K-Pop concerts in Mexico has risen and branched into other portions of the country. His concert held in Mexico City sold out in advance. The strength and large number of fanclubs have continuously helped promote and support K-Pop across the country. Over 70 fan clubs dedicated to Korean music are present in Mexico, bringing together around 30, fans.
Demonstrations have continued into recent years. Called KPOP: However, larger fanclub organization in Mexico receive indirect or direct support from Korean cultural programs. These larger organizations contain multiple fanclubs within their structure. In , the singer Hwangbo began to receive great popularity in the United Kingdom and Europe, after he released his single Gift For Him and R2song in and , respectively.
According to the Berliner Zeitung , many fans who attended were not just from Germany but also from neighbouring countries such as France and Switzerland.
The reservation system of the Odeon West End crashed for the first time one minute after ticket sales began as the concert drew an unexpectedly large response. The ticket demand for this performance was so high that fashion magazine Elle gave away forty tickets through a lottery, and the performance was also televised in Japan through six different channels.
K-pop also saw a surge in popularity in Russia. On February 3, , Park Jung-min became the first ever Korean singer to hold a solo concert in Moscow. On December 8, , on the MTV Russia channel, the project of the mobile operator MTS , MTCamp, was launched the acronym of their company name and the word amp and at the same time MTV Trainee Camp  the result of which in half a year should be the junior team from 5 member in the style of k-pop.
The show collaborates with the production company Avex Trax. K-pop has become increasingly popular across the Middle East over recent years, particularly among younger fans. Nissim Atmazgin, a professor of East Asian Studies at Hebrew University of Jerusalem , "Many young people look at K-pop as culture capital—something that makes them stand out from the crowd.
In , the number of fans in Turkey surpassed ,, reaching , in A appeared for a fan meet-and-greet session in Dubai and a concert in Abu Dhabi. Their single " Power " was the first K-pop song to be played at the fountain show. The K-pop Wave has led to the creation of a number of dance groups that perform dance covers of K-pop music and teach K-pop choreography.
A number of K-pop idols have hailed from Oceania. The following year, 4Minute were judges at the same contest in Sydney. In May , B. They are the seventh country to host KCON since The video labeled her as a "devoted" admirer of the Yushin system of autocratic rule set up by her father, Park Chung-hee.
Since the early s, several political leaders have acknowledged the global rise of Korean pop culture, most notably U. President Barack Obama , who made an official visit to South Korea in and mentioned the strong influences of social media networks, adding that it was "no wonder so many people around the world have caught the Korean wave, Hallyu.
According to an article published by the international relations magazine Foreign Policy , the spread of Korean popular culture across Southeast Asia, parts of South America, and parts of the Middle East is illustrating how the gradual cessation of European colonialism is giving way and making room for unexpected soft power outside of the Western world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 14 March Music in South Korea. For other uses, see KPOP disambiguation. Korean music experimental pop gospel rhythm and blues hip hop jazz folk classical country rock reggae EDM. Vocals drum machine electronic drums bass guitar acoustic guitar synthesizer keyboard sampler sequencer digital audio workstation percussion groovebox.
Seoul Incheon Busan Jeju. See also: Play media. Fashion in South Korea. Wonder Girls performing "Nobody" —an instance of retro style. A publicity shot of 2PM —an instance of sexy style.
Sung by Park Hyang Rim. Main article: Korean Wave. Gaon Chart. Further information: Billboard K-Town. Slave contracts. Sexualization and sexual exploitation in K-pop.
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