Label: Capitol Records - T 2340,Capitol Records - T-2340 Format: Vinyl LP, Mono Country: Canada Genre: Jazz, Stage Screen Style: Theme, Easy Listening
At home Cole was able to see the hundreds of thousands of cards and letters that had been sent after news of his illness was made public. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Billboard magazine reported that "Nat King Cole has successfully come through a serious operation and Having circulated photographs of Cole with white female fans bearing incendiary boldface captions reading "Cole and His White Women" and "Cole and Your Daughter"  three men belonging to the North Alabama Citizens Council assaulted Cole, apparently attempting to kidnap him. Cole responded, "Neither do I.
Although Cole did not score a number one hit in "Pretend" peaked at number two , his seven chart entries were enough to rank him among the ten most successful singles artists of the year. It was a modest commercial success, quickly followed by the ballad album Love Is the Thing , arranged and conducted by Gordon Jenkins , which hit number one for the first of eight weeks on May 27, , and eventually was certified platinum.
Meanwhile, in the fall of , Cole became the first African-American host of a network television series when The Nat "King" Cole Show debuted as a minute weekly program on November 5. The show was expanded to a half-hour in July and ran until December of that year, though it never attracted a national sponsor that might have made it an ongoing success.
He returned to his acting career during , appearing in Istanbul and China Gate, and got his most substantial role in playing blues musician W. Handy in a film biography, St. Louis Blues. His last acting role came in Night of the Quarter Moon in In , he turned his attention to the theater, putting together a musical revue intended for Broadway.
Cole , however, salvaged the concept of the show for a stage production he called Sights and Sounds: The Merry World of Nat King Cole, featuring a group of dancers and singers, with which he toured regularly from to In December , he was diagnosed with lung cancer. Two months later, he died of it at the age of After his death, Cole continued to appeal to the two almost mutually exclusive audiences that had appreciated him during his life.
By the s, he worked almost exclusively as a singer, with such notable arrangers as Nelson Riddle and Billy May providing lush orchestral accompaniment. The show fell victim to the bigotry of the times, however, and was canceled after one season; few sponsors were willing to be associated with a black entertainer. Adapting his style, however, was one factor that kept Cole popular up to his early death from lung cancer in The prejudices of the era in which Cole lived hindered his potential for even greater stardom.
His talents extended beyond singing and piano playing: Handy in St. Louis Blues We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
Written By: They called themselves the King Cole Swingsters after the nursery rhyme in which " Old King Cole was a merry old soul. Cole recorded " Sweet Lorraine " in , and it became his first hit. During the late s the trio recorded radio transcriptions for Capitol. Cole appeared in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concerts in He recorded with Illinois Jacquet and Lester Young.
In the trio broadcast King Cole Trio Time , a fifteen-minute radio program. This was the first radio program to be sponsored by a black musician. Cole began recording and performing pop-oriented material in which he was often accompanied by a string orchestra.
The variety program was one of the first hosted by an African American,  The program started at a length of fifteen-minutes but was increased to a half-hour in July Rheingold Beer was a regional sponsor, but a national sponsor was never found.
The last episode aired on December 17, Love Is the Thing went to number one in April remained his only number one album. It was so popular in Latin America and the U. Like Dean Martin , Frank Sinatra , and Tony Bennett , he found that the pop chart had been taken over by youth-oriented acts.
He performed in many short films, sitcoms, and television shows and played W. Handy in the film St. Louis Blues He was introduced as "the best friend a song ever had" and sang " When I Fall in Love ". Cat Ballou , his final film, was released several months after his death. Cole had one of his last major hits in , two years before his death, with " Those Lazy-Hazy-Crazy Days of Summer ", which reached number 6 on the Pop chart.
The duet version rose to the top of the pop charts, almost forty years after its original popularity. Around the time Cole launched his singing career, he entered into Freemasonry. The lodge was named after fellow Prince Hall mason and jazz musician Fats Waller. In , Nelson Riddle related an incident from some years earlier and told of music studio engineers, searching for a source of noise, finding Cole listening to a game on a transistor radio.
Cole met his first wife, Nadine Robinson, while they were on tour for the all-black Broadway musical Shuffle Along. He was only 17 when they married. On March 28, Easter Sunday , just six days after his divorce became final, Cole married the singer Maria Hawkins Ellington she had sung with the Duke Ellington band but was not related to Duke Ellington. They had five children: Maria supported him during his final illness and stayed with him until his death.
In an interview, she emphasized his musical legacy and the class he exhibited despite his imperfections.
In August , Cole purchased a house from Col. The Ku Klux Klan , which was active in Los Angeles in the s, responded by placing a burning cross on his front lawn. Members of the property-owners association told Cole they did not want any "undesirables" moving into the neighborhood. Cole responded, "Neither do I. In Cole was contracted to perform in Cuba. He wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba in Havana but was refused because it operated a color bar.
Cole honored his contract, and the concert at the Tropicana Club was a huge success. During the following year, he returned to Cuba for another concert, singing many songs in Spanish.
Having circulated photographs of Cole with white female fans bearing incendiary boldface captions reading "Cole and His White Women" and "Cole and Your Daughter"  three men belonging to the North Alabama Citizens Council assaulted Cole, apparently attempting to kidnap him.
The three assailants ran down the aisles of the auditorium towards Cole. He did not finish the concert and never again performed in the southern United States. A fourth member of the group was later arrested. All were tried and convicted. I have not taken part in any protests. Nor have I joined an organization fighting segregation.
Why should they attack me? Cole said he wanted to forget the incident and continued to play for segregated audiences in the south. He contributed money to the Montgomery Bus Boycott and had sued northern hotels that had hired him but refused to serve him. Roy Wilkins , executive secretary of the NAACP, wrote him a telegram that said, "You have not been a crusader or engaged in an effort to change the customs or laws of the South.
That responsibility, newspapers quote you as saying, you leave to the other guys. That attack upon you clearly indicates that organized bigotry makes no distinction between those who do not actively challenge racial discrimination and those who do. This is a fight which none of us can escape.
We invite you to join us in a crusade against racism. The New York Amsterdam News said that "thousands of Harlem blacks who have worshiped at the shrine of singer Nat King Cole turned their backs on him this week as the noted crooner turned his back on the NAACP and said that he will continue to play to Jim Crow audiences.
Initially, the album was released in a 33rpm LP version as well as in a set of four 7 inch 45rpm discs. In , five previously unreleased tracks recorded at the same original sessions were added as bonus tracks to the Capitol Records CD re-release titled, The Complete After Midnight Sessions. Some later re-issues, under the title, After Midnight, The Complete Session or simply, After Midnight , also include one or more alternate take s with the 17 songs from the original recording sessions.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Nat King Cole.
Treasure Cave - Georges Garvarentz - The Corrupt Ones (Vinyl, LP, Album), I Feel Divine (Baby Docs Hellfire Club Mix) - Various - Underground Beats (Volume 8) (CD), Heute Ist Wie Gestern - Buddy Becks - Im Not EveryBuddy (File, MP3, Album), Turn Back The Hands Of Time - Otis Clay - Live (CD), The Wilder Your Heart Beats, The Sweeter You Love - Various - The London American Label Year By Year