Main article: Date of visit: Ziggy Stardust. The Columbia Years: Retrieved January 9, Hidden categories: ABC news.
Profile Join. Travel feed: Log in Join Recently viewed Bookings Inbox. Review of Chez Matt. Chez Matt. Improve this listing. Ranked 13 of Restaurants in Luang Prabang. Certificate of Excellence. Asian , French , Wine Bar. Restaurant details Dining options: Late Night, Reservations. Victoria T. Reviewed December 7, Light in the darkness. Date of visit: November Ask Victoria T about Chez Matt. Write a Review Reviews Traveler rating. Show reviews that mention. All reviews cheese plate charcuterie wine bar by the glass great selection of wines night market after dinner drinks from france a great place to relax red wine laos waiters bistro margarita class.
The newly invented Western Electric moving coil or dynamic microphone was part of the Wide Range System. Signals fed to the cutting head were pre-emphasized in the treble region to help override noise in playback.
Groove cuts in the vertical plane were employed rather than the usual lateral cuts. The chief advantage claimed was more grooves per inch that could be crowded together, resulting in longer playback time.
Additionally, the problem of inner groove distortion, which plagued lateral cuts, could be avoided with the vertical cut system. Wax masters were made by flowing heated wax over a hot metal disc thus avoiding the microscopic irregularities of cast blocks of wax and the necessity of planing and polishing. Vinyl pressings were made with stampers from master cuts that were electroplated in vacuo by means of gold sputtering. Amplifiers and cutters both using negative feedback were employed thereby improving the range of frequencies cut and lowering distortion levels.
Radio transcription producers such as World Broadcasting System and Associated Music Publishers AMP were the dominant licensees of the Western Electric wide range system and towards the end of the s were responsible for two-thirds of the total radio transcription business.
Developmentally, much of the technology of the long playing record, successfully released by Columbia in , came from wide range radio transcription practices. Bachman in made it possible for a great variety of record companies to get into the business of making long playing records. Radio listeners heard recordings broadcast and this in turn generated more record sales. The industry flourished. Technology used in making recordings also developed and prospered.
There were ten major evolutionary steps that improved LP production and quality during a period of approximately forty years. At the time of the introduction of the compact disc CD in , the stereo LP pressed in vinyl was at the high point of its development. Still, it continued to suffer from a variety of limitations:. Audiophiles have differed over the relative merits of the LP versus the CD since the digital disc was introduced.
Modern anti-aliasing filters and oversampling systems used in digital recordings have eliminated perceived problems observed with very early CD players. There is a theory that vinyl records can audibly represent higher frequencies than compact discs, though most of this is noise and not relevant to human hearing.
Due to the distance required between grooves, it is not possible for an LP to reproduce as low frequencies as a CD. High frequency sensitivity decreases as a person ages, a process called presbycusis. For the first several decades of disc record manufacturing, sound was recorded directly on to the "master disc" at the recording studio. From about on earlier for some large record companies, later for some small ones it became usual to have the performance first recorded on audio tape , which could then be processed or edited, and then dubbed on to the master disc.
A record cutter would engrave the grooves into the master disc. Early versions of these master discs were soft wax , and later a harder lacquer was used. The mastering process was originally something of an art as the operator had to manually allow for the changes in sound which affected how wide the space for the groove needed to be on each rotation.
As the playing of gramophone records causes gradual degradation of the recording, they are best preserved by transferring them onto other media and playing the records as rarely as possible.
They need to be stored on edge, and do best under environmental conditions that most humans would find comfortable. Where old disc recordings are considered to be of artistic or historic interest, from before the era of tape or where no tape master exists, archivists play back the disc on suitable equipment and record the result, typically onto a digital format, which can be copied and manipulated to remove analog flaws without any further damage to the source recording. For example, Nimbus Records uses a specially built horn record player  to transfer 78s.
Anyone can do this using a standard record player with a suitable pickup, a phono-preamp pre-amplifier and a typical personal computer. However, for accurate transfer, professional archivists carefully choose the correct stylus shape and diameter, tracking weight, equalisation curve and other playback parameters and use high-quality analogue-to-digital converters.
As an alternative to playback with a stylus, a recording can be read optically, processed with software that calculates the velocity that the stylus would be moving in the mapped grooves and converted to a digital recording format.
This does no further damage to the disc and generally produces a better sound than normal playback. This technique also has the potential to allow for reconstruction of broken or otherwise damaged discs. Groove recordings, first designed in the final quarter of the 19th century, held a predominant position for nearly a century—withstanding competition from reel-to-reel tape , the 8-track cartridge , and the compact cassette.
In , the compact disc surpassed the gramophone record in unit sales. Vinyl records experienced a sudden decline in popularity between and ,  when the major label distributors restricted their return policies, which retailers had been relying on to maintain and swap out stocks of relatively unpopular titles.
First the distributors began charging retailers more for new product if they returned unsold vinyl, and then they stopped providing any credit at all for returns. Retailers, fearing they would be stuck with anything they ordered, only ordered proven, popular titles that they knew would sell, and devoted more shelf space to CDs and cassettes.
Record companies also deleted many vinyl titles from production and distribution, further undermining the availability of the format and leading to the closure of pressing plants. In spite of their flaws, such as the lack of portability, records still have enthusiastic supporters. Vinyl records continue to be manufactured and sold today,  especially by independent rock bands and labels, although record sales are considered to be a niche market composed of audiophiles , collectors , and DJs.
Old records and out-of-print recordings in particular are in much demand by collectors the world over. See Record collecting. Many popular new albums are given releases on vinyl records and older albums are also given reissues, sometimes on audiophile-grade vinyl. In the United States, annual vinyl sales increased by Many electronic dance music and hip hop releases today are still preferred on vinyl; however, digital copies are still widely available.
This is because for disc jockeys "DJs" , vinyl has an advantage over the CD: DJ techniques such as slip-cueing , beatmatching , and scratching originated on turntables. With CDs or compact audio cassettes one normally has only indirect manipulation options, e. With a record one can place the stylus a few grooves farther in or out, accelerate or decelerate the turntable, or even reverse its direction, provided the stylus, record player , and record itself are built to withstand it.
Figures released in the United States in early showed that sales of vinyl albums nearly doubled in , with 1. Sales have continued to rise into the s, with around 2. In artist Jack White sold 40, copies of his second solo release, Lazaretto , on vinyl.
The sales of the record beat the largest sales in one week on vinyl since In , the sale of vinyl records was the only physical music medium with increasing sales with relation to the previous year. Sales of other mediums including individual digital tracks, digital albums and compact discs have fallen, the latter having the greatest drop-in-sales rate.
VinylVideo was a 45 RPM format to store a low resolution video on record. Media related to Vinyl records at Wikimedia Commons.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Gramophone record. For the magazine, see Phonograph Record magazine. Play media. See also: LP record. Further information: High fidelity. Main article: Laser turntable. Recording medium comparison. Unusual types of gramophone records. For other uses, see Broken Record disambiguation. Analog recording vs.
Production of phonograph records. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. April Vinyl revival. Record manufacturers dwindle in the U. Archived from the original on Wired UK. The talking phonograph. Scientific American, 14 December, Retrieved Time Inc: Music Educators Journal , Vol. The Recording and Reproduction of Sound revised and enlarged 2nd ed.
Howard W. British Library. Archived PDF from the original on 22 December Retrieved 16 December Indiana University Press, , pp. CS1 maint: Man in Search of Music — p. A Wide Range". The New York Times , February 23, , p. Archived at the Wayback Machine Front page. America on Record: A History of Recorded Sound. Cambridge University Press. Archived from the original on — via Google Books. From Tinfoil to Stereo: The Acoustic Years of the Recording Industry, University Press of Florida.
Archived from the original on July 11, Retrieved July 11, Archived from the original on March 29, Retrieved September 27, Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 4 October Oxford University Press. Walker A listing. Spalding, Lincolnshire: The Authors. The Columbia Years: Popular Science. Bonnier Corporation. New York: Billboard Publishing Co.
Sound recording: Greenwood technographies. JHU Press. Audio signal processing and coding. Archived from the original on 25 September American record guide , p. Standards for Stereophonic Disc Records". Aardvark Mastering. October 16, Archived from the original on November 15, Retrieved November 10, The Vinyl Factory. Archived from the original on 2 February The Talking Machine Review International.
Ernie Bayly, Bournemouth Record Industry Association of America Inc. Archived from the original on 4 October The Record Collectors Guild. Accessed January 26, Archived from the original on March 15, Retrieved June 22, Archived from the original on October 17, Influences, Impacts, and Innovations , p. Recollections guide to collectible LPs , volume 1, p.
In Glen Ballou. Handbook for Sound Engineers: The New Audio Cyclopedia. Small Signal Audio Design. Pre-echo when recording vinyl record". Daniel Pemberton. David Amram. Deadly Avenger. Doctor Who. Jean-Claude Vannier. Jeff Wayne.
Juice People Unlimited. Laurence R. Harvey With S The League Of Gentlemen. Max Richter. Mighty Boosh. Monty Python. The Basketball Diaries. From the ocean to the permafrost. The best way for us to do that is ensure that we perform in every province and territory in the country, from the Yukon to Prince Edward Island. On June 24, , just a few hours before their concert at Deer Lake Park, The White Stripes kicked off their cross-Canada tour by playing a minute set for a group of 30 kids at the Creekside Youth Centre in Burnaby.
The Canadian tour was also marked by concerts in small markets,  such as Glace Bay , Whitehorse and Iqaluit , as well as by frequent "secret shows" publicized mainly by posts on The Little Room, a White Stripes fan messageboard. They played a full show later that night at the Mile One Centre in downtown St.
After the conclusion of the Canadian dates, they embarked on a brief U. He asked if she meant of the tour, but she responded, "No. I think this is the last show, period. In he reported that the White Stripes were working on their seventh album. Maybe next year. Meg had come from a dead-halt for a year and went right back into that madness. Meg is a very shy girl, a very quiet and shy person. To go full-speed from a dead-halt is overwhelming, and we had to take a break.
The film was directed by a friend of the duo, Emmett Malloy. In an interview with Self Titled , Jack alluded to the creation of a White Stripes film to be released later in In an interview with contactmusic. A Tribute To Loretta Lynn. In late , The White Stripes reissued their first three albums on Third Man Records on a gram vinyl along with limited edition, "split-colored" records to accompany it. On February 2, , the duo announced that they had officially ceased recording and performing music as The White Stripes.
The announcement specifically denied any artistic differences or health issues, but cited "a myriad of reasons The musical and stylistic elements of The White Stripes were grounded and rooted in blues , garage rock, and early punk. The White Stripes were notable for having only two musicians, limiting the instruments they could play live. Everything was vocals, guitar and drums or vocals, piano and drums.
Early on, the band drew attention for their preference for antiquated recording equipment. With few exceptions, Jack displayed a continued partiality towards amps and pedals from the s.
He also used a Boss TU-2 tuner pedal. He plugged this setup into a s Fender Twin Reverb, and two Watt Sears Silvertone amplifiers paired with two 6x10 Silvertone cabinets. White also played other instruments such as a black F-Style Gibson mandolin , Rhodes bass keys, and a Steinway piano. Meg never had formal drum lessons. She played Ludwig Drums with Paiste cymbals, and says her pre-show warm-up consisted of " whiskey and Red Bull.
Meg is the best part of this band. It never would have worked with anybody else, because it would have been too complicated It was my doorway to playing the blues. I get [criticism] sometimes, and I go through periods where it really bothers me. But then I think about it, and I realize that this is what is really needed for this band. And I just try to have as much fun with it as possible Once in a while, he throws me for a loop, but I can usually keep him where I want him.
Several White Stripes recordings were completed rapidly. The duo performed considerably more recklessly and unstructured live, never preparing set lists for their shows, believing that planning too closely would ruin the spontaneity of their performances. McGregor heard the orchestral versions and decided to create a ballet using the music.
Talbot re-orchestrated the music for the Royal Opera House orchestra, also writing three additional pieces of his own composition. The White Stripes had a carefully constructed image built around lore they created for themselves and visual motifs.
Early in their history, they turned down a potential deal with Chicago label Bobsled, because the label wanted to put its green logo on the CD.
Early in their career, the band provided various descriptions of their relationship. Jack claimed that he and Meg were siblings , the youngest two of ten.
Seuss clothes, represent blood-and-bones Detroit, a city whose greatest resource is asphalt? Even at the expense of the truth. On October 2, , Jim Diamond —the owner and operator of Ghetto Recorders recording studio—filed a lawsuit against the band and Third Man Records for "breach of contract.
In a Super Bowl ad by the U. Air Force Reserve caused The White Stripes to "take strong insult and objection to the Air Force Reserve presenting this advertisement with the implication that we licensed one of our songs to encourage recruitment during a war that we do not support.
This particular segment contains extensions of White Stripes motifs such as childhood innocence and Nikola Tesla. In , the band released its first music film Under Blackpool Lights , which was filmed entirely using 8mm film and was directed by Dick Carruthers.
The band also appeared as themselves in The Simpsons episode " Jazzy and the Pussycats " in Icky Thump is featured on the Justice League soundtrack . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the album, see The White Stripes album.
Garage rock blues rock indie rock. Warner Bros. Main article:
Almost Moon - Alexa Borden - Speck In The Universe (CD, Album), Fronteras - Felipe Campuzano - Andalucía Espiritual - Cadiz (Cassette, Album), Mental Universe - Various - Kubensia Volume 2 (CD), Raymond Lefevre And His Orchestra* - Adagio Cardinal / Those Were The Days (Vinyl), Vozio Je Preko 100 Na Sat - Emina* - Cura Od Akcije (CD, Album)