Label: Continental (3) - 45099812 Format: CD Compilation Country: Brazil Genre: Reggae, Latin, Folk, World, Country Style: Axé, Samba
Retrieved Выбрать страну: Each mesi had a deputy whom they would send to the Alaafin if his absence was unavoidable. Страна доставки:. Приблизительно между Пт.
A testament to how widespread the institution was is the fact that there were Ogboni councils at nearly all sub-courts within Yorubaland. There was a high degree of professionalism in the army of the Oyo Empire. There was also an entrenched military culture in Oyo where victory was obligatory and defeat carried the duty of committing suicide. The Oyo Empire was the only Yoruba state to adopt cavalry; it did so because most of its territory was in the northern savannah.
Late 16th and 17th century expeditions were composed entirely of cavalry. Oyo could not maintain its cavalry army in the south but could raid at will. Cavalry in highly developed societies such as Oyo was divided into light and heavy. Infantry in the region around the Oyo Empire was uniform in both armor and armament. All infantry in the region carried shields, swords and lances of one type or another.
The Oyo Empire, like many empires before it, used both local and tributary forces to expand its domains. The structure of the Oyo military prior to its imperial period was simple and closer aligned to the central government in metropolitan Oyo. This may have been fine in the 15th century when Oyo controlled only its heartland. But to make and maintain farther conquest, the structure underwent several changes. Oyo maintained a semi-standing army of specialist cavalry soldiers called the Eso , the Esho or, formally, the Eso of Ikoyi.
Forces inside metropolitan Oyo were commanded by the Bashorun, leading member of the Oyo Mesi. Provincial forces were thus grouped into two armies, under the Onikoyi and the Okere for the east and west side of the river respectively.
Tributary leaders and provincial governors were responsible for collecting tribute and contributing troops under local generalship to the imperial army in times of emergency. Oyo became the southern emporium of the Trans-Saharan trade. Exchanges were made in salt, leather, horses, kola nuts, ivory, cloth and slaves.
Taxes on the kingdom of Dahomey alone brought in an amount estimated at thousand dollars a year. By , the Oyo Empire spanned over , square kilometers.
Unlike the great savannah empires, of which Oyo may not be called a successor since it was a successor of Ife, there was little if any Muslim influence in the empire. Many believe the decline of the Oyo empire had started as early as with the dynastic intrigues and palace coups sponsored by the Oyo Prime Minister Bashorun Gaha. Between June and October alone, two Alaafins had been forced to commit suicide by Gaha. Gaha was subsequently executed by Abiodun but the instability that had been brought about by these intrigues had further weakened and impoverished Oyo.
Alaafin Abiodun during his reign had also conducted failed campaigns against Borgu in  and Nupe in ,  losing the equivalent of 11 and 13 Generals and their men respectively. The events that led to the secession of Ilorin began in Ilorin was a war camp headed by the Are-Ona Kakanfo Afonja. Afonja being bound by an oath and also desirous not to fall under a curse from a previous Alaafin made to the effect that any Aare Ona Kakanfo who attacked Iwere-Ile his paternal home was to die miserably; this order Afonja ignored.
Further cause was also given in when Awole again asked Afonja to attack the market town of Apomu which was a part of Ile-Ife. All Alaafins, due to the Yoruba belief that Ife was the spiritual home of the Yorubas, were made to swear an oath never to attack Ife.
After the death of Awole there was a scramble for the throne by numerous contenders; some were reported to have spent less than six months on the throne; there was also a period of interregnum of almost twenty years where the various factions could not agree on a candidate for the throne. These new powers had lost regard for the office of the Alaafin due to the various political wranglings and the lack of a central authority at the time; this situation eventually led up to Afonja seceding Ilorin from Oyo in with the help of Oyo Muslims.
Ilorin then besieged Offa and started raiding, burning and pillaging villages in Oyo, eventually destroying the capital Oyo-Ile in As Oyo tore itself apart via political intrigue, its vassals began taking advantage of the situation to press for independence.
The Egba, under the leadership of Lishabi , massacred the Ilari stationed in their area and drove off an Oyo punitive force. In Dahomey was reported to have raided villages that were under the protection of Oyo for slaves due to the high demand for them. The peace talks eventually broke down and Oyo attacked Dahomey. By doing this, he hoped to secure the support of Yoruba Muslims and volunteers from the Hausa-Fulani north in keeping Ilorin independent.
Torn by internal struggle, Oyo could not defend itself against the Fulani. Oba Atiba sought to preserve what remained of Oyo by placing on Ibadan the duty of protecting the capital from the Ilorin in the north and northeast. See List of rulers of the Yoruba state of Oyo. Mail Delicous MySpace. Display track details Album: See all tracks 14 Export playlist to the new widget.
About Album description 1 disk - 14 tracks - Total length: Ara Ketu Bom Demais. Roberto Menescal Bossa Evergreen. Childs Indiana University Press. Authority control GND: Retrieved from " https: Hidden categories: Namespaces Article Talk. Цена со скидкой EUR 1, Приблизительно ,36 руб. Войти в систему для оформления покупки Оформить покупку без регистрации.
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